Total views : 320

Psychosocial Risk Factors and Self-Reported Health of the Medical Personnel in the Polyclinic of Petropavlovsk (Kazakhstan)

Affiliations

  • Girne American University, University Drive – Girne, North Cyprus via Mersin 10, Turkey

Abstract


Objectives: Psychosocial risk factors at work in developing countries still stay without due research cognizance. This study aims to measure psychosocial risks in the work of medical workers in Kazakhstan.

Methods: Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) by Karasek and colleagues was applied in this survey, modified by the authors in accordance to the study objectives, mainly for studying the relation between psychosocial risks and health of medical employees. The medical staff was categorized to nine occupational groups based on the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-08). Data was analyzed statistically with the use of the IBM Statistics SPSS 21 program.

Findings: High strained job is performed only by nurse`s aides of the polyclinic. High strain is mainly explained by extreme workloads and lack of decisional latitude. This is hardly to be compared to the outcomes in any other previous studies since there is no specification for nurse`s aides at all.

General practitioners encounter higher strain at work than specialist doctors. Although the specification of doctors is extremely important is ignored in the most of research. Social support in the polyclinic is low in comparison to those values received in other studies. Meanwhile, social support is salient to employees in decreasing their job dissatisfaction. Overall, non-material incentives are more important for health workers to feel satisfied.

Job dissatisfaction is also affected by the changes in the working position. Alteration in the job rank was included into the questionnaire as an additional scale.

The poor health status is mainly professed by employees of elementary occupations. Similarly, workers holding lower ranks in previous investigations report health status more negative.

Improvements/Applications: This study is devoted to psychosocial risks at work of medical personnel in Kazakhstan. Results of the research, though, are applicable in developing countries undergoing transformation, particularly in healthcare.


Keywords

Decisional Latitude, Job Dissatisfaction, Job Strain, Occupational Groups, Psychological Demands, Social Support.

Full Text:

 |  (PDF views: 188)

References


  • I. Houtman, K. Jettinghoff. Raising awareness of stress at work in developing countries: A modern hazard in a traditional working environment. Advice to employer and worker representatives. Protecting Workers` Health Series.n.d.;6, 4-40.
  • M.R. Salleh. Life Event, Stress and Illness. The Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences. 2008; 15(4), 9-18.
  • International Labour Organization, Occupational Safety and Health in the Republic of Kazakhstan. National Profile. ILO Moscow Sub regional Office. 2008; 100-103.
  • International Labour Organization, Estimating the economic costs of occupational injuries and illnesses in developing countries: essential information for decision-makers. Programme on safety and health at work and the environment (Safe Work) Working Paper, Geneva. 2012; 24-34.
  • Health and Safety Executive, Work Related Stress, Anxiety and Depression Statistics in Great Britain, UK. 2015. 5-6.http://www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/causdis/stress/stress.pdf. Data accessed: 27.09.2016.
  • J.H. Ruotsalainen, J.H. Verbeek, A. Marine., C. Serra. Preventing occupational stress in healthcare workers. Cochrane Library. 2015; 1-4. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD002892.pub2/abstract. Date accessed: 27.09.2016.
  • C. Aagestad, R.Tyssen, H.A. Johannessen, H.M. Gravseth, T.Tynes, T.Sterud. Psychosocial and organizational risk factors for doctor-certifies sick leave: a prospective study of female health and social workers in Norway. BMC Public Health. 2014. http://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2458-14-1016. Date accessed: 03.12.2015.
  • R. Karasek, C. Brisson, N. Kawakami, I. Houtman, P. Bongers, B.Amick. The Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ): An Instrument for Internationally Comparative Assessments of Psychosocial Job Characteristics. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology. 1998;3(4), 322-355.
  • M.P. Kay, G.K. Mitchell, B. D. M. Cristopher. Doctors do not adequately look after their own physical health. The Medical Journal of Australia. 2004; 181(7), 368-370.
  • J.F. Ferrand. Psychosocial risk factors, job characteristics and self-reported health in the Paris Military Hospital Group: a cross-sectional study. BMJ OPEN. 2012; 2(4). http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4400733/. Date accessed: 11.03.2016.
  • International Labour Office, International Standard Classification of Occupations. Structure, group definitions and correspondence tables, Geneva. 2012; 87-357.
  • Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey – HSE. https://www.hse.ru/en/rlms. Date accessed: 18.03.2016.
  • T.S. Kristensen. Job Stress and Cardiovascular Disease: A Theoretic Critical Review. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology. 1996; 1(3), 246-260.
  • S.T.Chiou, J.H. Chiang, N.Huang, L.Y.Chien. Health behaviors and participation in health promotion activities among hospital staff: which occupational group performs better? BMC Health Services Research.2014; 14, 474. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4282514/. Date accessed: 26.09.2016.
  • V.K. Koosam. Evaluation of Methodologies of Physical Activity: self Reported International Physical Activity Questionnaires (IPAQ) Categories and Accelerometer Registration, as an E-health Tool. Indian Journal of Medicine and Healthcare. 2013; 2(6),266-270. Date accessed: 26.09.2016.
  • МРП, МЗПна 2016 годвКазахстане [Minimum Calculation Index, Minimum Wage in Kazakhstan for 2016]. https://uchet.kz/week/mrp-mzp-na-2016-god-v-kazakhstane/. Data accessed: 1.04.2016.
  • D.B. O`Connor, R.C. O`Connor, L. W. Barbara, P.E. Bundred. The effect of job strain on British general practitioners` mental health. Journal of Mental Health. 2000;9(6), 637-654.
  • L. Cunningham, J. Kennedy, F. Nwolisa, L. Callard, C. Wike. Patients Not Paperwork – Bureaucracy affecting nurses in the NHS.http://www.qualitasconsortium.com/index.cfm/referencematerial/fundamentals/patients-not-paperwork/. Date accessed: 15.04.2016.
  • M.T. Gallanti. Is Italian Bureaucracy Exceptional? Comparing the Quality of Southern European Public Administrations. Bulletin of Italian Politics. 2011; 3(1), 5-33.
  • M.M. Sein, N. Howteerakul, N. Suwannapong, J. Jirachewee. Job Strain among Rubber-Glove-Factory Workers in Central Thailand. Industrial Health. 2010; 48(4), 503-510.
  • I. Kant, U. Bültmann, K.A.P.Schröer, A.J.H.M. Beurskens, L.G.P.M. van Amelsvoort, G. M. H. Swaen. An epidemiological approach to study fatigue in the working population: the Maastricht Cohort Study. Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2003; 60 (Suppl I), 32-39.
  • J.V. Johnson, E.M. Hall, T. Theorell. Combined effects of job strain and social isolation on cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality in a random sample of the Swedish male working population. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health. 1989; 15(4), 271-279.
  • N. Magnavita. Are skin disorders related to work strain in hospital workers? A cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health.2011. http://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2458-11-600.Date accessed: 15.04.2016.
  • K. Wada, Y. Higuchi, D.R. Smith. Socioeconomic status and self-reported health among middle-aged Japanese men: results from a nationwide longitudinal study. British Medical Journal. 2015;5(6). http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/5/6/e008178.long. Data accessed: 20.04.2016.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.